What are Doshas?
What Are Doshas?
Doshas are the three main governing bodies of elements in Ayurveda, and they are called Vata (Space and Air), Pitta (Fire and Water) , and Kapha (Water and Earth).
Each person (and animal) is born with a unique balance of the Doshas which determines their physical and mental strengths and weaknesses.
The Doshas govern not only our bodies, but also the seasons, the times of day, and the cycles of life.
When Doshas are in balance in the body, one experiences well-being. When Doshas are imbalanced in the body, they create dis-ease.
Space & Air:
Vata is the energy of movement. Vata is subtle, cold, moves quickly, and is unstable.
Vata is responsible for our every move, both subtle and gross; our heart beat, blood circulation, eyes blinking, body parts moving, nervous energy, the nervous system, mental fluctuations, and the breath.
Vata Season: Fall and early winter are the Vata times of the year when
cold and dry qualities predominate.
Vata Times of Day:
2pm - 6pm: Best time for mental and creative energy because the nervous system is most active.
2am - 6am: Best time to sleep deeply and the wake with the sunrise. In traditional cultures this was a time for yoga, meditation, and prayer.
Vata Time Of Life: Older age begins to dry and decay the bodily tissues.
One begins to look inward, reflect, share wisdom, and connect with
the spiritual and ethereal side of life.
Fire & Water:
Pitta is the energy of metabolism and transformation. It is hot,
sharp, fiery, masculine, and will transform anything in its path.
Pitta is responsible for the digestion and transformation of our food, thoughts, emotions, and intelligence.
Pitta is the flame of our digestive fire; it governs the liver, the eyes, the skin, the blood, and the small intestine.
Pitta Season: The great heat of summer is Pitta season. The sun stimulates the metabolism of life and summer is a time of the greatest growth.
Pitta Times of Day:
10am - 2pm: Fire is at a peak. This is the best time to eat your biggest meal, and to eat wheat and dairy, when digestive fire is at its highest.
10pm - 2am: This is the best time to be sleeping. The lymphatic channels and liver are detoxing; if you are consistently still awake during his period, the body's natural detox process is disturbed.
Pitta Time of Life: The years from puberty to retirement are governed by Pitta. This is a time for action, productivity, fertility, and accumulation.
Water & Earth:
Stabilizes and Lubricates Things
Kapha is the energy of structure and lubrication. It is cool, moist, feminine, and stable.
Kapha is responsible for keeping our tissues strong and stable. Kapha is mucus, lubrication, synovial fluid, reproductive fluid, nurture, and immunity.
Kapha Season: Late winter and spring with their cold, damp, and heavy qualities, are associated with Kapha dosha.
Kapha Times of Day:
6am - 10am: This is the best time for exercise and physical labor. Getting up with the sun supports strength and uplifted energy.
6pm - 10pm: This is the ideal time to relax and prepare for a restful sleep while cortisol levels are dropping.
Kapha Time of Life: The Kapha stage starts at conception until the end of the growing years, around age 15-19. It is a time of physical growth, when physical and emotional nourishment are needed to build a solid foundation for life.